NIGERIA AND INDIA BECOME THE FASTEST GROWING EXPORT MARKETS FOR UK GOODS
- Analysis of ONS export data shows that the fastest growing export markets for UK goods in 2018 were Nigeria (up 27%) and India (up 24%)
- The largest export destination country for UK goods remains the US – worth £55 billion to the UK in 2018
- Overall UK export growth slows to just 2% in 2018 following 11% growth in 2017
Nigeria and India were the top two fastest growing export destinations for UK goods in 2018, according to analysis1 by Santander Corporate & Commercial of the latest ONS export data. UK exports to Nigeria grew by 27% last year to £1.63 billion, while those to India were up 24% to £5.52 billion.
The analysis, which looks at the top 50 goods export markets, shows that the top 10 fastest growing markets in 2018 were predominantly made up of non-European Union countries. Alongside Nigeria and India, Thailand (up 19% to £1.55 billion), Taiwan (up 18% to £1.37 billion), and Canada (up 13% to £6.09 billion) were all in the top 10. Greece was the fastest growing European market for importing UK goods, and ranked third overall (up 21% to 1.07 billion).
John Carroll, Head of International, Santander Corporate & Commercial, said: “It’s exciting to see British companies embracing new international trade opportunities, not just with established trading superpowers like the US, Germany and Japan but also in evolving markets such as India and Nigeria. Taking the leap into a new and less traditional market can seem daunting at first, but we know that companies who trade internationally often have stronger growth prospects and are more resilient against economic uncertainty at home.”
The UK exported £350 billion in goods in 2018, up 3% versus 2017, and £279 billion in services, up 0.2%. Overall, the UK’s total exports (goods and services) for 2018 were up 2% from the previous year to an all-time high of £629 billion. However, year-on-year growth has slowed when compared to the previous year’s growth from 2016 to 2017 at 11%.2
Regionally, exports of UK goods to the whole of Europe (including EU countries) were up by 3% compared to 8% in North America and 5% in Asia-Pacific. Asia-Pacific is now bigger than North America (£63 billion vs. £61 billion) in terms of export values for UK goods.
Santander UK has bolstered its engagement with India in recent years, signing a memorandum of understanding with Yes Bank, India’s fourth largest private sector bank, in 2017 and leading a delegation of food and drink businesses to India last year.
Gautam Sehgal, India Alliances Director, Santander UK said: “India is a thriving market with a strong rate of economic growth. Its drive towards infrastructure expansion is well reflected in a 65% rise in exports of electrical energy infrastructure from the UK in 2018 alone. The data also shows a significant increase in automotive, advanced engineering and medical sector exports – industries which are considered major contributors to UK job creation and GDP. As the world’s fastest growing economy, India is a key international trading partner as the UK looks to expand its global connections.”
Recent Trailblazers research by Santander Corporate & Commercial3 found that high growth businesses still see the European Union as presenting the greatest opportunity for international growth. Nearly a third (31%) plan to increase sales in the EU over the coming year, with North America the second most popular region for international expansion (27%).
Helping businesses to export is a core priority for Santander, drawing on Banco Santander’s presence in 10 core markets such as the US, Brazil and Mexico as well as alliance partnerships with other banks in countries like France, China, Singapore and India.
Santander supports companies throughout their exporting journey, helping them to identify potential opportunities, running trade missions to connect businesses with new customers and suppliers, and introducing business to the services they need when setting up internationally.
|Largest region by export value (within the top 50), for UK goods, in 2018|
|Region||Value, £million||Percentage growth from 2017|
|of which European Union||167,883||4%|
|Asia & Pacific||63,037||5%|
|Top 10 export destinations for UK goods in 2018, by value|
|Country||Value £million||Percentage change from 2017|
|Top 10 fastest growing export destinations (within the top 50) for UK goods, over one year|
|Country||Value, £million||Percentage change from 2017|
Source: Santander UK analysis of ONS Top 50 UK export data, 2018
|Breakdown of UK goods exports to Nigeria|
|Nigeria||2016||2017||2018||2017-18% Difference||% of 2018’s Total Exports|
|Residues and waste from the food industries||754,116||3,450,112||6,546,146||90%||0%|
|Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation||162,099,501||317,701,267||598,642,220||88%||45%|
|Beverages, spirits and vinegar||14,753,268||12,647,520||17,466,629||38%||1%|
|Miscellaneous edible preparations||6,584,387||13,932,429||16,882,607||21%||1%|
|Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock||41,689,960||45,209,613||53,372,868||18%||4%|
|Ships, boats and floating structures||6,591,757||6,862,228||8,021,575||17%||1%|
|Essential oils; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations||28,812,262||28,489,817||32,576,824||14%||2%|
|Textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rag||26,048,226||33,001,183||36,873,568||12%||3%|
|Breakdown of UK goods exports to India|
|Gems and Jewellery||$900m||300%|
|Automotive vehicle parts||$80m||0%|
|Iron waste & scrap||$186m||-21%|
|Breakdown of UK goods exports to Greece|
|Greece||2016||2017||2018||2017-18% Difference||% of 2018’s Total Exports|
|Ships, boats and floating structures||2,526,926||3,713,247||27,472,671||640%||2%|
|Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products||53,455,608||45,517,546||157,959,993||247%||14%|
|Iron and steel||9,197,289||10,439,129||31,190,446||199%||3%|
|Copper and articles thereof||6,991,986||6,321,331||11,257,257||78%||1%|
|Plastics and plastic products||20,260,010||25,423,734||35,242,266||39%||3%|
|Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances||64,351,144||68,007,894||83,103,657||22%||7%|
|Aluminium and articles thereof||13,540,695||18,824,748||22,964,643||22%||2%|
|Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet||18,734,840||23,792,968||28,513,681||20%||2%|
|Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments||26,221,347||32,433,537||33,637,394||4%||3%|
|Soaps, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, candles||9,262,580||19,769,347||20,464,257||4%||2%|
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